Equatorial Guinea (Spanish:Guinea Ecuatorial,French:Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese:Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish:República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French:République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese:República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000sqmi). Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish is an official language. As of 2012, the country has a population of 1.6 million.
Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island south of the equator. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Oyala, the country's planned future capital. Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico.
Guineai/ˈɡɪni/, officially the Republic of Guinea (French:République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French:Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927sqmi).
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
The etymology of "Guinea" is uncertain. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River (as opposed to the 'tawny' ZenagaBerbers, north of it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors). The term "Guinea" is extensively used in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
King John II of Portugal took up the title of Senhor da Guiné (Lord of Guinea) from 1483. It is believed the Portuguese borrowed Guineus from the Berber term Ghinawen (sometimes Arabized as Guinauha or Genewah) meaning "the burnt people" (analogous to the Classical GreekAithiops, "of the burned face"). The Berber terms "aginaw" or "Akal n-Iguinawen" mean "black" or "land of the blacks."
The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings. Then, Great Britain adopted the gold standard and guinea became a colloquial or specialised term.
The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, where much of the gold used to make the coins originated. Although no longer circulated, the term guinea survives in some circles, notably horse racing, and in the sale of rams to mean an amount of one pound and one shilling (21 shillings) or one pound and five pence in decimalised currency. The name also forms the basis for the Arabic word for the Egyptian poundالجنيهel-Genēh / el-Geni, as a sum of 100 qirsh (one pound) was worth approximately 21 shillings at the end of the 19th century.
The bank has expanded since 2008 to the eight countries of the West African Monetary Union, and Guinea, which has a separate currency ...Taking over SocGen’s subsidiaries in Congo-Brazzaville and Equatorial Guinea will enable it to expand into the central African regional market.
Officials on Cameroon's southern border with Gabon and Equatorial Guinea say scores of villagers came out in market squares at Vema and Nkol-Efoulan on Thursday, protesting the destruction of several hundred hectares of their farmland by elephants ... Equatorial Guinea says it has about 900 elephants.
He added that Chinese enterprises are encouraged to invest in Equatorial Guinea and that the Chinese market welcomes more products from Equatorial Guinea ... He added that Equatorial Guinea firmly adheres to the one-China principle and opposes interfering in China's internal affairs under the pretext of human rights.
(MEGI), is the largest oil producer in the country, SociedadNacional de Gas de Guinea Ecuatorial (Sonagas)—Equatorial Guinea’s state-owned hydrocarbon company—manages the distribution, marketing, and exploration of the nation's natural gas assets, including the industrial and residential natural gas markets .
Centurion Law Group (www.CenturionLG.com) is pleased to announce its invaluable contribution to one of the highest-ranking legal reference websites, ICLG (International Comparative Legal Guides), providing useful tools for investors and businesses operating or looking to expand into the oil and gas sectors of Equatorial Guinea, Ghana or Cameroon.
Kyari said there was little evidence that the oil market was facing a shortage from the measures ... Also, Equatorial Guinea Oil Minister, Gabriel Mbaga Obiang Lima, speaking on a separate webinar, said the OPEC+ coalition was closely monitoring the Chinese economy and the Russia-Ukraine war.
Before a US court in late May and a British court in late June, Glencore pleaded guilty to bribery of over $100-million in the DRC, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria and South Sudan... The bribes in Equatorial Guinea and South Sudan were also for the company to get preferrial access to those countries’ crude oil.
Equatorial Guinea, on the ... Super-producers, and more specifically the subgroup of super-exporters, whose leading status derives from market share, are endowed with a foreign policy toolkit that is unavailable to other oil-rich states such as Equatorial Guinea, Oman, or Malaysia.